Thirty Years International Wildland Fire Conferences
Review and Achievements of a Circumglobal Journey from Boston to Campo Grande
Palavras-chave:Landscape fire policies, landscape fire management;, international cooperation.
In 1989, the International Wildland Fire Conferences (IWFCs) were launched as a platform for sharing knowledge and expertise in wildland (landscape) fire science, management, capacity building and policy development. Three decades have passed between the First International Wildland Fire Conference in Boston, United States of America, in 1989, and the Seventh International Wildland Fire Conference in Campo Grande, Brazil, in 2019. During these three decades the international fire regimes – sensu lato defined as the ecological, managerial and policy regimes – have evolved under the influence of global population growth, socio-economic developments and climate change – a period during which the Earth system has undergone the most rapid changes in history and prehistory. This paper reviews exemplary of actors, which were involved in, and followed-up the recommendations of the IWFCs with emphasis on their activities between the conferences. During this circumglobal journey between Boston and Campo Grande regional to global networking have furthered the culture of international cooperation in fire management at the Science-Policy-Practitioners Interface (SPPI). Recent observations reveal that climate change and socio-economic developments are changing fire regimes globally. This trend is associated with an increasing vulnerability of society and the environment to wildfires as well as to excessive application of fire in land use and landuse change. It is timely to revisit the attempts of developing a global agreement on landscape fire management.
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